In my travels, I've seen a lot of crap for sale. Every point of interest has at least one spot that is crammed with some sort of object to entice you, the visitor, to spend money. Invariably, these objects are products. That is...no one is going to try to sell you a bag of Cambodian cotton while you visit a Cambodian temple, expecting you to spin it into yarn and then weave it yourself. They want to sell you a T-shirt, a scarf, a bag...something with immediate, usable value. They have taken the time to turn a material, cotton, into a product—T-shirts. Preferably a T-shirt that announces the awesomeness of your visit, such that you are glad to part with your money.
But many merchants sell their wares in the equivalent of bales and sacks, turning their products back into materials. What I've seen is that products become...well...commoditized. Travelers become numb to them, and there is much, much more supply than demand. What travelers really crave are experiences. Authentic interactions, a great story, a moment with a local; those are the things that travelers really will take home. Experiences can be made into products, of course. Tours, great hotels and restaurants take products and experiences and serve them to consumers in a (hopefully) reliable way.
But the level of entry to these experiences is hard for many locals to achieve. Restaurants take capital, planning and, often, government connections. But with some education, I think there are many ways for locals to enhance their product offerings to differentiate them and improve their connection with their markets. I've seen a few in my wanderings in the last few months. I hope that they can help define the porous boundaries between material, products and services. Exploring these borders can help us all think about the work we do and the services we offer.
While in Bagan, Myanmar, I saw several temples plazas that housed seas of cotton fabric with beautiful, intricate sand paintings. I stopped to admire them...some are based on the amazing designs slowing fading into invisibility on the interior temple walls. Here they are, in bright relief, remade for us! Others are trite design motifs that seem to reappear in various incarnations across many Southeast Asian countries: monks walking in a line with parasols, ladies with pots balanced on their heads. The issue I have, is that while they are putting tremendous effort and skill into their product, their products still look like raw materials. Arrayed across the temple plaza stones, they weigh their fabric down with rocks to keep them from blowing away. Equal thought is not going into the presentation.
I stopped to talk with one of the artists as he gave me his pitch—the sand paintings were durable—you could crumple them in your bag, get them wet even, and they stayed intact. While he spoke, he proceeded to crumple up one of his pieces, and pour water on it! I appreciated that his work might actually make the trip home in my backpack fully intact. On the other hand, I was somehow doubtful all the creases would ever come out. Either way, I feel like his product presentation didn't have the intended effect—I wasn't sold.
Product merchandising is so important...many merchants have a more-is-more approach, stuffing their stalls with products and many multiple versions of products...leaving little to the imagination. Others give their products a bit of room to breathe, and it can have the effect of drawing the eye in, and also elevating the perceived value of the product. Pairing products, or displaying them so I can imagine them in use can be really helpful. While I was walking the side streets of Battambang, Cambodia, I passed this boutique that paired sunglasses with their sweaters.
I felt like the sand artist could take an extra step and help me out—I was going to have to take it home, mat and frame it. They could have some of them framed to help me visualize the right use of his product and guide me towards purchase more easily. It may be a material now—but here it is as a product!Riding the Bamboo Railway in Battambang, Cambodia is nearly the definition of a tourist trap...the railway now exists only to take tourists through the countryside for 30 minutes, give them 20 minutes to buy drinks, scarves and shirts at one end, and then return, with a similar opportunity to buy souvenirs back where you started. My train companions and I walked a bit down the road where we got a tour of the local brick makers kilns from a 10-year-old boy who was pretty awesome. He made jokes and tried to get us to break unbaked bricks, then baked bricks...which are a bit less fragile than unbaked ones! It was pretty charming. We sat to have a drink and he casually made me a ring from a strip of palm leaf. Could he show me how he made it, I asked? He tried, but being an expert maker doesn't make you an expert teacher, sadly! He gave up halfway through and just made it again, himself, leaving me with an unformed palm strip.
The woman selling drinks walked off to get another palm leaf and made us a grasshopper. By the time we returned to the train, all the tourists waiting for their ride back had been given various stars, flowers, insects and rings by the local children. I asked around to my fellow travelers—would they pay to learn how to make one of these pieces rather than feel like they should tip after being given one? Everyone I spoke to expressed some interest...and the couple I was with, who watched me try to get a lesson from the boy were very enthusiastic.
Why not take these objects...barely products, more like a refined material...and turn them into a service? With only a well-designed sign and a little specialized English vocabulary, these locals could turn their local craft knowledge into a valuable service.
So where would we like to be? Competing on price, selling raw materials or commodities? Or offering something unique? Offering more items, and more options, or refining our offering to the core? Products are easy to copy, almost becoming like raw materials, as the market saturates with me-too offerings. Services are inherently more unique and individual. It's hard to compete on price when there is no firm basis for comparison. Stepping back and examining what it is that we really offer...and making sure we are finding the right ways to both monetize and differentiate it...is an essential effort.
Daniel is a User Experience Design Consultant. He has had the pleasure of working on service design, mobile, web and embedded interfaces for clients from Abbot to Volvo. He bikes a lot, and has taught a shocking variety of Design, Science and Food classes at the Brooklyn Brainery. He is 1/5 of The Design Gym, where he teaches design thinking to the masses. He is also 1/4 of GothamSmith, a line of 3D printed products.