In the late 19th Century, French inventor Charles-Émile Reynaud developed a way to project primitive moving images onto a painted background scene. He called his invention the Théâtre Optique (Optical Theater) and began wowing Parisian crowds with it in 1892.
Here in 2016, film director and visual artist Jeff Desom is taking a page out of Reynaud's book—and going 3D with it. Desom has modelmaker Oli Pesch create miniature sets, into which Desom projects carefully-rotoscoped holograms to create these:
Desom calls the resultant presentation The Holorama.
For those interested in the influence Desom cites, here's a video of Walt Disney himself explaining and demonstrating Reynaud's invention: