People often ask me what saws someone needs for woodworking, why some people have so many saws, and do I need one of every type. I can answer all three by giving you some historical background.
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When one is a professional, working by hand, having a perfectly tuned tool is productive. Historically each trade had its own specialized equipment, more efficiently tuned for specific tasks than the generic version of the same tool.
In the United States, where houses were predominantly made of softwood, the generic 26" crosscut saw more than suited most tasks.
For most carpenters specializing on one area of the trade, a very small number of saws were actually required. Speed was everything and there was nothing to be gained by using a dull tool, or the wrong tool. Duplicates were needed, so that as a tool started getting dull during the course of a day, one could switch to a sharp saw (and have someone else sharpen the dull one).
For a carpenter who did a diverse set of tasks, for example on flooring where the underfloor might be of pine and the finished flooring oak, separate saws filed for both soft and hard woods would be wanted. And that made professional sense.
But, and this is important, except for the most common saw--a handsaw used for crosscutting softwood, which rips abysmally--most saws can be used for most tasks. This is especially true with hardwoods, and our combo filed sash saw is basically a rip saw with a little negative rake and fleam so it cuts great on hardwood in all directions. But if I was cross-cutting pine 2x4's all day I would want something with far more fleam and rake for faster action. "One size fits all" may not be appropriate for traditional professionals, but for everyone else one sharp saw is perfectly adequate.
What I own:
In my toolbox I have five saws. First up, two 26" handsaws, both by Disston. About a decade ago I got the saw collector bug and found these.
Over the years my backsaws have evolved from a Sanderson I bought from Garrett Wade in the '70s or '80s (I don't remember), and then some Adria saws, but now all of my backsaws are totally Gramercy Tools (which of course makes tons of sense) but I only use two backsaws, a Gramercy Tools Sash Saw and a Gramercy Tools Dovetail saw.
I used to use a cross-cut carcase saw, but don't anymore as the sash saw is combo filed and fits the entire bill for sawing straight joinery cuts (except when you need a smaller saw). So I took it out of my tool box where it was wasting space.
In the near future I will probably add a BT&C Hardware store saw, simply because it's shorter, cuts faster, and also useful for carrying around. I don't do veneering (or haven't yet) so I don't own a veneer saw, and since I have a turning saw I don't use a coping saw.
All my saws are sharpened for hardwood, but they work on pine in a pinch, if not ideally. When they get dull I get them sharpened (I don't sharpen my own saws because it is far easier and better to let our saw sharpening service do it for me, and I can't see the teeth anymore anyway. I don't feel the need to have duplicates of the saws.
I have lots of saws I don't use. I got them because I collect tools and they are a useful reference. By keeping the actual number of saws I use sharp and accessible and ignoring the rest, I don't have to justify why I own so many saws, and waste time looking for the saw I actually want to use. It's right there in my toolbox.
This "Tools & Craft" section is provided courtesy of Joel Moskowitz, founder of Tools for Working Wood, the Brooklyn-based catalog retailer of everything from hand tools to Festool; check out their online shop here. Joel also founded Gramercy Tools, the award-winning boutique manufacturer of hand tools made the old-fashioned way: Built to work and built to last.