How can we reduce the amount of recyclable material entering general household waste? A lack of knowledge combined with the constant change of what can and can't be recycled causes valuable material to go to landfill instead of being repurposed. R.I.D (recycling identification device) uses advances in near-infrared (N.I.R) spectroscopy to identify a material and, referencing a local database, inform the user if it can or can't be recycled.
Miles Ingram - Lead Engineer
Richard Liddle - Lead Design
Jack Hands - Product Developer
For even the most discerning and diligent recyclers the confusion over whether a waste item can or can't be recycled is a common one. This is caused by the changing guidelines imposed by waste organisations and the multitude of different packaging materials that consumers commonly encounter. This results in two negative outcomes: the consumer will attempt to recycle non-recyclable items causing issues for waste processors, or worse, the consumer disposes of a recyclable item into their general household waste leading to landfill and, ultimately, our oceans.
Cohda has explored the capabilities of near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy to easily identify waste packaging materials at home. The outcome being the R.I.D (Recycling Identifying Device) concept. This, simple to use, handheld device uses NIR spectroscopy: light that sits outside of the normal visible spectrum to clearly identify appropriate recyclable and non-recyclable materials. When a material encounters NIR radiation, different bonds within the material absorb varying wavelengths along the spectrum, giving the material a unique 'digital fingerprint' or absorption pattern, regardless of the products size, shape or colour.
Holding the R.I.D against waste packaging triggers it to identify the product material from a stored database of these digital fingerprints and indicate to the user through illumination and haptic feedback whether or not it's recyclable.
Cohda propose this low-cost device would be issued by waste organisations or city councils to every household. The outcome of implementing an R.I.D system would be a significant reduction in landfill and more effectively sorted recyclable materials heading to processing sites. Although an R.I.D solution does not eliminate the use of plastics, it shifts us to a more circular economy requiring minimum changes to existing processes and infrastructure.
As Supermarkets release new products and make changes to current packaging, updates will be required to the R.I.D database. To make these updates accessible to all computer competency levels they will be delivered in the form of a rewritable RFID card attached to the household waste bin. When an RFID update card is displayed, the user simply touches the R.I.D device to the card and the update is transferred. No smartphone apps, connection to the internet or access to a PC required.
Our priority throughout this project was to reduce environmental impact in material, transport and end-of life, hence RID has been designed to allow for end-of-life disassembly and recyclability